Inaccessibility hinders inclusion
A national study 2014/2015 on living conditions among people with disabilities revealed that despite the various legislations and policies to promote access to several services/facilities for persons with disabilities, most of them especially in rural areas are deprived of those services. Physical and communication/information infrastructure, where available, not being sufficiently accessible has become one of the major reasons behind perpetual exclusion to a greater extent. Roads, public buildings, governmental websites and other basic infrastructure which were built recently have all failed to follow government directives on Accessible Physical Structure and Communication Services which was adopted in 2012. Similarly, assistive devices which are key prerequisites to enhance access to services and increase participation, are not appropriately manufactured and distributed. As a consequence, people with disabilities are experiencing hardship in accessing basic services on a daily basis, thereby resulting in fewer opportunities for them to utilize their full potential toward obtaining socio-economic development.
Since disability sensitive structures would, by default, be accessible for all groups of people, it will be a very important milestones toward social inclusion if we could incorporate them in our physical infrastructural development planning. Further, it will safeguard comfort, mobility and safety for people with disabilities. Access to participation and opportunities for utilization and enjoyment of their civil, political, economic, social, cultural rights and entitlements will be improved for their socio-economic growth as a result. For instance, if government could ensure at least accessible transportation and voting mechanism for the upcoming local election, it would be a very contextual example of protecting the civic rights for voting of the people with disabilities.
Ironically, very few such accessible physical structures and information systems are there even in the capital city Kathmandu. Establishing accessible structures is not an easy task though, as it requires huge resources backed by technology. Perhaps in country like Nepal, considering the existing sociocultural and geographical constraints, it is further challenging to achieve them. Having said this, we cannot have them reason for doing nothing about it. Based on the available resources (national and international) on inclusive guidelines and framework, we can explore many small and cost-effective initiatives as an alternative to address those physical barriers that impede rights of people with disabilities to participate and enjoy the services which they are entitled to. Installation of wooden ramp at the entrance of a building is an example of simple and budget adaptation we can do to ensure comfort and mobility of persons in a wheelchair. Such small but sensible efforts from all can make a huge difference for the people with disabilities.
A disability-friendly accessible toilet was inaugurated at Bhrikuti Mandap recently on the occasion of International Disability Day with combined contribution and efforts of several non-government development organizations working for people with disabilities. This is the first accessible toilet we have in Kathmandu. Our dream for an inclusive society is not very far, If we join hands for similar initiatives. And the existing scenario suggests extensive work has to be done still as we lack many more such basic infrastructure that are design in an accessible manner.
If people with disabilities are denied their rights, physical access to services and decision-making structures simply because the specific needs (mobility, safety) have not been taken into consideration, it will reinforce exclusion and self-stigmatization which will hinder inclusion process. Ensuring their access to different services through accessible structures can create an enabling environment for their proactive participation and engagement in mainstream societal development. And this is essential for their empowerment and social security.
Further, the issue of disability has explicitly been referenced in various parts of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), and specifically in parts relating to education, growth and employment, inequality, accessibility of human settlements, as well as data collection and monitoring of the SDGs. With the founding principle of “leaving no one behind”, this global campaign emphasizes a holistic approach to achieving sustainable development for all. And our conscious and continuous efforts in ensuring access to physical structures, information, technology and communication to diverse groups of people including people living with disabilities will be a basic but very crucial step that directly contributes toward this global vision.
Inclusion is a transformative process and thereby cannot happen overnight and be achieved from ad hoc interventions. It requires vision, systematic planning, and requires everyone to internalize its essence to ensure collaborative actions. Merely developing different guidelines and framework on inclusion will not suffice if they are not transformed into practice. Since inaccessibility is a major hindrance in mainstreaming inclusion, our actions now, therefore, should be directed toward capacitating people on such inclusion guidelines and principles, and implementing them in our structural planning at least for public infrastructure. In this way by realizing diversity, respecting the specific needs and becoming inclusive in our approach, we can ensure equal opportunities for all.
The Doklam dilemma
Being a buffer state between the two giant neighbors, Nepal should conduct its foreign policy vis-à-vis China and India in a very sensitive manner. Nepal has always maintained that it would not allow its soil to be used against any neighbor. At the same time, Nepal should make sure that its own national interests are never compromised.
Gaurab Shumsher Thapa
Effect of monetary policy on risk, stability and financial crises
The crisis of 2008–09 has reignited a new interest in understanding money and credit fluctuations in the macro economy, and the crucial roles they could play in the amplification, propagation, and generation of shocks both in normal times and, even more so, in times of financial distress. This may reopen a number of fundamental fault lines in modern macroeconomic thinking between theories that treat the financial system as irrelevant, or, at least, not central to the understanding of economic outcomes, and those that reserve a central role for financial intermediation.
The return trip
It took us over five hours, drenched in rain, walking through treacherous ratomato sluggishly. It should not have taken more than two hours in a normal day. It was the cruellest irony that no sooner did we reach Panchkhal and sat at the Pipal Chautari to rest, than the bus we had left behind, arrived with people in the bus bursting with laughter on seeing us.
Prospects for Nepali talents in the Diaspora
When Indu, a Nepali American teen studying in Virginia, asked Panta whether she could inspire Nepali youngsters into music industry and convince their parents to consider Nepali music as a path to professionalism, the female heartthrob of Nepali music could not fully convince her.
Traffic Police in Kathmandu
As busy and hassling as the traffic system in Kathmandu is, the Traffic Police here have to handle an equally strenuous job. Over 1,400 traffic officers in and around the Kathmandu Valley battle against the pestering traffic and air pollution each day.
Menstrual taboo outdated
I have seen my sisters and friends isolated and treated in discriminatory manner during their first menstruation cycle. They were not allowed to look at the sun, to touch water source, flower, fruits, any male family member, nor even hear their voice. The activist may claim the situation has changed and I do agree but still during every month my loved ones turns into untouchables beings.