Navaratri Parba or the nine-night festival of Bada Dashain, the great festival of the Hindus of Nepal, commenced from Wednesday.
The first day of Bada Dashain festival is called Ghatasthapana that falls on Aswin Shukla Pratipada, the first day of the bright half of the lunar calendar in the month of Ashwin.
On the day of Ghatasthapana, all Nepalis worship Diyo (an oil-fed lamp), Kalas (auspicious jar) and lord Ganesh in accordance with vedic rituals and sow maize and barley seeds in a jar filled with soil and cow dung for germination of the auspicious Jamara (barley shoots). The auspicious hour for observing Ghatasthapana is 07:15 am today, according to Nepal Calendar Determination Committee.
Prayers are also offered to Durga Bhavani, the goddess of power today. Germination of the auspicious Jamara is also initiated at Hanumandhoka Dashain Ghar in accordance with Vedic rituals, today.
There is also a tradition of sacrificing animals while initiating the germination of the Jamara.
Also today, prayers are offered to goddess Mahakali, Mahalaxmi and Mahasaraswati at the Dashain Ghar, marking the beginning of the Navaratri (nine nights).
The golden barley shoots and the auspicious Tika are offered by parents to their children on the tenth day of the Bada Dashain festival with blessings for peace, progress and prosperity. The auspicious hour for receiving Tika this year is 09:51 am on October 19, according to the Committee Chair Dr Ram Chandra Gautam.
During the Navaratri, thousands of devotees visit Naxal Bhagawati, Shobha Bhagawati, Maitidevi, Guheswori, Bhadrakali, Kalikasthan, Sankata, Mahankalsthan, Naradevi, Bijayeswori, Indrayani, Dakshinkali, Chamunda and other shrines of goddess Durga Bhavani in the early morning.
People also recite sacred verses and hymns dedicated to Durga Bhawani at temples and shrines as well as at their homes throughout the Dashain period.
Majority of the educational and academic institutions start Dashain holidays effective today. The public holiday unlike the past to mark the Ghatasthapana has been deducted from this year. Likewise, the official public holiday for Dashain this year is from October 16 to 20.